Eczema is an atopic dermatitis condition that makes your skin go dry, red and itchy. We experience this problem in children mostly. It has long-lasting effects and has flare-ups during the winter months. However, there are methods to prevent it or help it if it happens. In this article, we will be looking at some of the types of eczema that exist. And also, how to recover from it.
Certain substances or conditions called trigger factors can cause eczema to flare up: Irritants such as soaps and detergents, wool, skin infections, dry skin, low humidity, heat, sweating or emotional stress. Allergens such as dust mites, pollen, moulds, or foods. Types of eczema: topic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, neurodermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, nummular eczema, seborrheic dermatitis and stasis dermatitis
Medication & Therapy
Eczema gets terrible if you itch it. So creams that control itching helps a lot to repair the skin. The doctor may prescribe a corticosteroid ointment. Apply as told by a doctor but do not overuse. It can thin your skin and damage your skin barrier. Creams are good for hydration and moisture too. People with eczema often have dry and peeling skin. Continuous use of a good cream or moisturizer helps with your skin remaining hydrated. You have to avoid strong sunlight whenever using these products.
Some drugs can help fight infection on top of the skin. Your doctor might be able to prescribe an antibiotic cream. Antibiotic creams attack the bacteria on top of the skin, which is causing inflammation.
For severe eczema, we use injectable biologics called Dupilumab. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently approved a new, injectable biologic. It is applicable for people who don’t respond to other treatments. Studies have shown it to be safe, but it’s a newer drug. Nonetheless, it is costly.
It is applicable for people who have bad reactions to topical treatments. It will not cause rapid flare-ups after. The simplest type of light therapy is to use photons from natural sunlight to expose them to the skin. Other light ranges like ultraviolet B can also be used, but they need to be paired with medication like topical treatments.
However, this can lead to premature skin ageing and skin cancer risk increases. Hence, we will see that phototherapy is commonly used on children and not infants. Consult with health professionals before getting light therapy.
Managing Stress and Moods
It might seem like an unlikely cause, but even stress hormones can trigger eczema. So, managing your work life is essential. Finding methods to de-stress, like doing yoga or meditation, can also be beneficial. You have to make sure that your body is not going through a lot of pressure if you are prone to eczema flare-ups.
Eczema can essentially be a lifelong problem, but we can keep this problem under the radar with proper care. It requires maintenance and patience. Don’t get aggravated. Use the right moisturizer and always try to avoid harsh weather conditions that might trigger eczema.