It is possible to learn about the MGNREGA life and accomplishments from the lives of people who have worked under the programme. In this article, we will learn about MGNREGA’s positive and negative impacts on women workers. These women may look upon the programme positively because it provided them with the opportunity to earn their own wages. However, there are some challenges that women workers must deal with. In addition, we will also examine how these women cope with the challenges of their work in MGNREGA.
The MGNREGA aims to increase the livelihood security of rural households by ensuring them 100 days of wage employment per year. In addition to creating sustainable assets, the programme is also a means of addressing chronic poverty. It is important to note that MGNREGA places a strong emphasis on decentralization and gives significant roles to the Panchayati Raj Institutions. As a result, women can benefit greatly from the MGNREGA.
The implementation of MGNREGA is done by the gram panchayats. Contractors are banned from implementing the programme and the funds must be spent on labour-intensive tasks. Examples of these tasks include water harvesting, drought relief, and flood control. The MGNREGA has the potential to help in reducing rural-urban migration and fostering social equity. It is possible to apply for the benefits by submitting a written application in their respective panchayat buildings.
MGNREGA participation rates differ significantly across states. In some states, there has been a lower number of days available for work than the policy’s stated maximum of 100 days per household. Nonetheless, this number has been increasing in some states. The Stahlberg (2012) study suggests that the average number of days spent at work per household is 54. Despite the policy’s stated ceiling of 100 days, women have the highest rate of participation.
For an adult to qualify for MGNREGA, he or she must be at least 18 years old and a citizen of India. To qualify for MGNREGA, a member of a rural household must provide at least 100 days of unpaid manual labour each year. The law also includes an unemployment insurance guarantee for the adult member. These policies are a major step toward empowering rural households in India.